A 20-year-old primigravida gives birth at 34 weeks gestation to a male infant. On physical examination, the infant is markedly hydropic. Laboratory studies show his hematocrit is 18 %, and the peripheral blood smear reveals numerous nucleated red blood cells and a few erythroblasts. The red blood cells reveal marked microcytosis, anisocytosis and poikilocytosis.
Which of the following diseases is most likely present in this infant?